Sukkot and the 70 nations

sukkah 70 nations

Sukkot is a Jewish festival that celebrates the harvest and commemorates the wandering of the Israelites in the desert. It is a time of joy and thanksgiving. The offering of 70 bulls during Sukkot symbolizes the dependence of all the nations of the world on the Holy Temple.  “Praise the Lord, all nations, praise Him, all peoples. (Psalms 117). No less than 70 bulls were offered on Sukkot, corresponding to the 70 nations of the world.  The spiritual elevation of all nations in the world was done by sacrificing 70 bulls. The sacrifice of 70 bulls revealed the divine spark and elevated all the nations. 


The sacrifice of 70 bulls against the 70 nations of the world caused them to praise the creator. It also gave them abundance for the whole year. If the nations of the world had acknowledged how beneficial the Holy Temple was for them, they would have protected the Temple themselves.


The seventh day of Sukkot is known as Hoshana Rabbah. In Hoshana Rabbah, a second sealing completes all future occasions for the upcoming year that were signed on Rosh Hashanah and sealed on Yom Kippur. The reason for a second seal is another opportunity to repent or return. This day has special significance for the sons of Noah as well. 


G-d is the essence of good, and the nature of good is to bestow goodness. The first Noahide commandment is to believe in G-d and have trust in him that he will take care of all his creatures. The sukkah is a temporary apartment, not a permanent apartment. This fact is intended to strengthen our confidence in the Divine Providence. We are aware that He Blessed Be He is the one who takes care of all our needs. 


Rabi Yosef Halevi
Tel Aviv